How to Choose a Water Softener

A water softener system involves your hard water problems. Hard water has a lot of minerals like magnesium, calcium, manganese, and carbonate. If you see that your shampoo and soap do not lather properly, your dishes have spots, your laundry looks dingy, and you see scale deposits on the coffee maker, you most likely have hard water. Therefore, you might want to consider buying a water softener.

Even if those minerals do not really cause any health risks, they can damage your water heater, plumbing, and other appliances that use water. Therefore, it becomes more challenging to wash your clothes, dishes, hair, and skin.

From this article, learn how to choose the right water softener system for your home.

Determine if You Need One

Before learning how to pick a water softener, you must find out whether a water softener is a right option for you.

In order to do this, you can do a water test to determine the water grain hardness per gallon. The grains per gallon indicate the calcium and magnesium concentration in the water.

You can use a test kit to test for water hardness, which is going to check the limescale stain on the dishes, coffee pot, and laundry.

Types of Iron in the Water

  • Oxidized iron appears as red particles found in water, and it is noticeable while you draw it.
  • Clearwater/soluble iron emerges after the water has been exposed to air, and it also appears as red particles. This is common.
  • Colloidal iron is comprised of tiny particles of oxidized iron that are suspended in water, which normally causes water to appear milky or cloudy. Since the particles of this kind of iron are small, it is hard to remove through filter and elimination, and it might require chlorination.
  • Bacterial iron forms in water and inside the pipes of your well and house, and it is the hardest to eliminate from water. One sign is that this typically happens when the inside of the toilet tank is coated with a reddish-green slime. You can take a sample slime to confirm that you have bacterial iron. If that is the case, you must pay for chlorination of the entire water system to remove all of it.


You can compute the water softener size that your family needs when you multiply how many people live in your household by 75. The number of gallons used per person in a day – to determine how much water your household uses per day. After that, multiply this by the grains per gallon (GPG) of hardness minerals in the water to figure out the size of water softener you need.

For instance, if your family uses 300 gallons of water every day (5 x 60). If the GPG is 10, you have a 3,000 GPG of water hardness minerals that need to be removed daily.


Your budget affects the choices you are making when looking for a water softener to buy. If you have a smaller budget, you will have a more refined search, but that is not actually a bad thing.

It is best to outline a budget before you begin looking for a water softener. Your budget should cover the initial purchase spend, price of professional installation, and long-term maintenance investment to keep the unit running smoothly.

The most affordable ones are those that do not need salt. The descalers and conditioners do not use salt and water for regeneration because they do not have to regenerate at all.

You need to remember these tips before paying for a water softener installation Erie.